1. Visit The Dead Sea. The Dead Sea (Sea of Salt) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west. Its surface and shores are 430.5 metres (1,412 ft) below sea level, Earth's lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 304 m (997 ft) deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. With a salinity of 342 g/kg, or 34.2%, (in 2011), it is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean and one of the world's saltiest bodies of water. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which plants and animals cannot flourish, hence its name. The Dead Sea is 50 kilometres (31 mi) long and 15 kilometres (9 mi) wide at its widest point. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River.
The Dead Sea has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. It was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from asphalt for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilisers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetics and herbal sachets.
The Dead Seawater has a density of 1.24 kg/litre, which makes swimming similar to floating.
The Dead Sea is receding at an alarming rate. Multiple canals and pipelines were proposed to reduce its recession, which had begun causing many problems. The Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance project, carried out by Jordan, will provide water to neighbouring countries, while the brine will be carried to the Dead Sea to help stabilise its levels. The first phase of the project is scheduled to begin in 2018 and be completed in 2021
2. Visit Old City of Jerusalem. The Old City is a 0.9 square kilometers (0.35 sq mi) walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem.
4 Visit Masada. Masada is an ancient fortification that sits high above the desert in the southern part of Israel. It was once King Herod’s royal citadel, and was designed with luxurious baths and many other royal appointments. When it was later abandoned, Masada became the last outpost of Jewish Zealots during the Jewish Revolt from 66 to 73 AD. When they realized that they could not win, the Jewish warriors chose to kill themselves instead of surrendering.
The design of the ancient fortress is amazing, revealing the work of the many brilliant minds. Every drop of rain was captured and funneled to huge water stores beneath the earth. The water was used for drinking, agriculture and even baths. Masada is a UNESCO World Heritage site, and it has a revered place in Jewish culture.
5. Visit Red Sea Eilat. Eilat is Israel's southernmost city, a busy port and popular resort at the northern tip of the Red Sea, on the Gulf of Aqaba. The city's beaches, coral reef, nightlife and desert landscapes make it a popular destination for domestic and international tourism.
Eilat is part of the Southern Negev Desert, at the southern end of the Arava, adjacent to the Egyptian village of Taba to the south, the Jordanian port city of Aqaba to the east, and within sight of Saudi Arabia to the south-east, across the gulf.
Eilat's arid desert climate and low humidity are moderated by proximity to a warm sea. Temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) in summer, and 21 °C (70 °F) in winter, while water temperatures range between 20 and 26 °C (68 and 79 °F). Eilat averages 360 sunny days a year.
The Red Sea, located between Africa and Asia, is known for its warm water, great climate all year long and amazing diving conditions.
Best time to Visit the Red Sea
One of the major appeals of the Red Sea coast is its climate – it’s a great place to visit regardless of the time of year. The temperature of both air and water stays pleasantly high even during the mild winter – the December/January average of air temperature is 77° F, with water temperature as high as 64° F!
If you are not a fan of extreme heat, try to avoid the hottest months of July and August, when air temperature reaches 108° F and above, and water is at balmy 84° F. Nights are typically cooler, especially in the winter months. The holiday destinations at the Red Sea coast are well connected and prepared for tourism, so it’s enough to fly to your resort of choice and set up any additional sightseeing while there.